Spotted Towhee. Order: Passeriformes Family: Emberizidae Genus: Pipilo Species: P. maculatus Binomial name Pipilo maculatus Swainson, 1827. The spotted towhee (Pipilo maculatus) is a large New World sparrow. The taxonomy of the towhees has been debated in recent decades, and formerly this bird and the eastern towhee were considered a single species, the rufous-sided towhee. An archaic name for the spotted towhee is the Oregon towhee (Pipilo maculatus oregonus).