At the age of 21, Sophie Scholl was executed by the People’s Court in Germany on Feb. 22, 1943, during the Holocaust, for her involvement in The White Rose, an organization that was secretly writing pamphlets calling for the end of the war and strongly denouncing the inhuman acts of the Nazis. Sophie is shown here with her younger brother Werner.
Jean Moulin (1899-1943) was a leader of the French Resistance during World War II. In June 1943, he was arrested in a suburb of Lyon, interrogated and tortured by Gestapo leader Klaus Barbie in Lyon and Paris. He never revealed anything to his captors and subsequently died near Metz on a train to Germany. Many historians believe that Klaus Barbie personally beat Moulin to death.
How the Nazis slaughtered 16,000 people by guillotine
Victim: Sophie Scholl, student at Munich University and a member of The White Rose, an anti-Nazi resistance movement, was found guilty for treason on April 22 1943 and executed by guillotine on the same day
Ghetto de Lublin, 1940. Max Kirnberger. Officier de la Wehrmacht pendant la guerre, il se rend entre 1939 et 1941 à Lublin, Zamosc, Izbica Lubelska et Rzeszow. Kirnberger meurt en 1983 et c’est sa fille qui confie ses 490 négatifs datant de la période 1937-1941 – parmi lesquels 70 relatifs au ghetto de Lublin – Deutsches Historisches Museum à Berlin.
La docteure Maria Telkes, physicienne et pionnière dans l’énergie solaire, s’est associée avec une autre femme, l’architecte Eleonor Raymond, pour construire la première maison entièrement chauffée par l’énergie solaire en 1947.
Sophia Magdalena Scholl (9 May 1921 – 22 February 1943) was a German student, active within the White Rose non-violent resistance group in Nazi Germany. She was convicted of high treason after having been found distributing anti-war leaflets at the University of Munich with her brother Hans. As a result, they were both executed by guillotine.
Anne Frank - Anne Frank’s diary is one of the most widely read books in the world. It reveals the thoughts of a young, yet surprisingly mature 13-year-old girl, confined to a secret hiding place. “Despite everything, I believe that people are really good at heart.”
Hans Scholl of The White Rose, a small group of students and one professor at the University of Munich who defied and spoke out against Nazi horrors. In less than a year in 1943 Hans, his sister Sophie and Christoph Probst were caught, “tried” and beheaded. They saw crimes against humanity and resisted, knowing that this would cost them their lives. At a time when conformity turned an entire nation into a murderous mob, they remained individualists, becoming heroes of all mankind.