Hattusa, Hittite Empire, circa 1300 BC. A proto-type Motte and Bailey fortification.... www.castlesandmanorhouses.com .... The Hittites were an Ancient Anatolian people who established an empire centered on Hattusa (in modern Turkey) around 1600 BC. This empire reached its height during the mid-14th century BC under Suppiluliuma I, when it encompassed an area that included most of Asia Minor as well as parts of the northern Levant and Upper Mesopotamia.
Tell el-Amarna, Egypt A balloon view of the excavation at the stele site at the end of the season. Photography by Gwil Owen The city of Akhetaten, built as the capital of the pharaoh and religious reformer Akhenaten and inhabited from 1347 B.C., was abandoned not too long after his death in 1336. Although those opposed to the king dismantled the city's temples and palaces, what remains provides a remarkable snapshot of an ancient city and the lives of its inhabitants
STAR GATES: Gonur Depe is a Bronze Age site in Turkmenistan, dating back to the first half of the second milennium BC, contemporary to the Mesopotamien and Indus Valley civilizations. The first agricultural settlements in the Murghab River delat apperared in the 7th millenium BC. The are was later called Margush in old Iranian texts and Margiana by greek authors. The area of Margiana was 3000 square km wide, it consisted of more than 70 oasis and 150 settlements.
Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia. It is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside (essential in this part of the world) and is thought to have been unchanged for at least 3,000 years. At the historical site the ruins of the city walls and fortifications are still in place, with one city gate standing, along with some other structures.
This “famine stele” records the occurrence of a “7 year drought” in ancient Egypt during the reign of king Djoser (ruled 2691-2625 BC). Joseph, who according the Quran gained much prominence with the king, is assumed to be the legendary “Imhotep” whose name is found recorded in Egyptian inscriptions (see article “Who Was Imhotep”).