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Etienne Gaspard Robert (1763–1837) : Phantasmagoria Phantasmagoria was a form of theatre which used a modified magic lantern to project frightening images such as skeletons, demons, and ghosts onto walls, smoke, or semi-transparent screens, frequently using rear projection. The projector was mobile, allowing the projected image to move and change size on the screen, and multiple projecting devices allowed for quick switching of different images. Invented in France in the late 18th century.

An eighteenth-century English print of the workings of a camera obscura, magic lantern, and other objects of optical interest.

Painting, 1750, depicting the use of a magic lantern, by Jan Anton Garemyn (Flemish, 1712-1799). SALT REDUX

In the 18th century, magic lantern shows were presented for small groups, projected on to walls or hanging drapes.

Comparative depiction of the human eye and the camera obscura. Early eighteenth-century book illustration

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Early Louis XV magic Lantern. courtesy François BINÉTRUY collection.

Phantasmagoria was a form of theatre which used a modified magic lantern to project frightening images such as skeletons, demons, and ghosts onto walls, smoke, or semi-transparent screens, frequently using rear projection.

Magic Lantern, 1760, Dutch, such as carried about by a hawker. The magic lantern has a concave mirror in front of a light source that gathers light and projects it through a slide with an image scanned onto it. The light rays cross an aperture (which is an opening at the front of the apparatus), and hit a lens. The lens throws an enlarged picture of the original image from the slide onto a screen. Main light sources used during the 18thC were candles or oil lamps.(c) François BINÉTRUY…

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Precine_Juguetes ópticos

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