19th century Austro-Hungarian Pendant reliquary at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia - The veneration of relics has, historically, been a significant part of Roman Catholic worship and practice; so seeing a reliquary from a place that was predominantly Roman Catholic is not unusual. However, what does pique my curiosity here is why the reliquary itself is inscribed with Hebrew letters.
When the Germans occupied Austria in 1938, Joseph Ferdinand was arrested along with more than 70,000 other Viennese. He was interrogated by the Gestapo and sent to Dachau concentration camp, where he was imprisoned for three months. The conditions in the camp ruined his health permanently. Joseph Ferdinand was released and lived an isolated existence thereafter, under continual observation by the Gestapo. He died on 28 August 1942 in Vienna.
Double-Sided Pendant Icon with the Virgin and Christ Pantokrator, ca. 1080–1120 Byzantine; Made in Constantinople Inscribed in Greek initials: Mother of God(front); Jesus Christ, King of Glory (back) Cloisonné enamel, gold