1453 French Hangunners. As the war progressed after the death of Henry V Jeanne D'Arc obviously contributed to the increasing success of the French. However, the military reorganisation within France including developments with the use of firearms by the Bureau brothers. French hand gunners of the period, the combination of artillery and hand guns together with the over confidence of Sir John Talbot contributed greatly to the English defeat at Castillon in 1453.
Chroniques sire JEHAN FROISSART. BNF MS Français 2645 (1401-1500) Identificador : ark:/12148/btv1b8438606x On-line en Gallica desde :24/10/2012 http://expositions.bnf.fr/flamands/livres/froissart/index.htm