Bread, quails, tilapia and carp fish, figs, raisins, and wine are awaiting preparation in this ancient kitchen scene. Tomb of Menna. 18th dynasty, ancient Egypt.
Ancient Egyptian wine vessel. This clay vessel dates to the middle of the 2nd millennium BC.
Roman Wine seller, Dijon.
Ancient Egyptians chilled their wine by pouring water over the tall clay storage jars. Evaporation did the rest. The jar's bottom was pointed so that it could be stood in an earthen floor, if no stand was available for that purpose. Judging by the contents of Tutankhamun's tomb, red wines were preferred. The shadoof, being used to lift water from a ditch into a field (right), was also introduced by the Hyksos, who became Egypt's 15th and 16th Dynasties.