Gregorian chant - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Musical notation. 10th century manuscript of Gregorian chant of Tutilo’s Trope ‘Hodie Cantandus’, written in Neums notation which was superseded by Staff notation. Tutilo or Tuathal (d. 915) Irish Benedictine monk, musician and poet at the Abbey of St Gall, Switzerland."
Luke 23:15-20 in a Carolingian Minuscule hand.
TheOLDEST documentation of occidental music, it comprises the OLDEST complete surviving neumed mass antiphonary, and includes assorted appendices, such as Alleluia verses, Antiphons and Psalm verses for the Communion Antiphons.
Renaissance song. the symbols, called neumes, were the precursors to modern music notation.
Here is an early written-down chacona, Juan Arañés's "Un sarao de la chacona" (p. 23; first edition above)
Antiphonal, Northern Italy, 15th century Antiphonals supplied the music for the Divine Office – the Opus Dei, or "work of God" – which was required of medieval monks, nuns, and clerics. It consisted of the weekly recitation of all 150 Psalms, along with some additional biblical and non-biblical prayers, which were chanted. The book on display shows the closing of a response for the dead (left side); and an antiphonal for the procession of the Feast of the Purification (right side).