James Chadwick, born in England in 1891. He studied at the Univ of Manchester and Cambridge. Chadwick is best know for his discovery of the Neutron. He named it the neutron because it lacked a charge. Chadwick was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for physics in 1935 and was also awarded the Hughes Model of the Royal Society in 1932. His discovery made it possible to create with a greater mass than uranium in the laboratory. Because of Chadwick's discovery, "nuclear fission" was discovered.
Alfred Nobel (1833 - 1896) inventor of dynamite and a Nobel Prize Awards.
Jacques Cousteau (1910 – 1997) was a French naval officer, explorer, conservationist, filmmaker, innovator, scientist, photographer, author and researcher who studied the sea and all forms of life in water. He co-developed the aqualung, pioneered marine conservation and was a member of the Académie française.
James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) The Scots mathematician and physicist James Clerk Maxwell discovered electromagnetism. He showed that electric and magnetic fields travel through space in waves at the speed of light.
Henri Poincaré (1854-1912) : La valeur de la science, lien vers Gallica : http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k2071994/f2.image.r=poincaré.langFR