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Lynching, the practice of killing people by extrajudicial mob action, occurred in the United States chiefly from the late 18th century through the 1960s. Lynchings took place most frequently against African-American men in the Southern US after the American Civil War and emancipation, and particularly from 1890 to the 1920s, with a peak in 1892. Lynchings were also very common in the Old West, where victims were primarily men of Mexican and Chinese minorities, although whites were also…

Estevanico, the first Black man in North America was born around 1500 in Azemmour, on the Atlantic shore of Morocco and originally named Mustafa Zemmouri. He could probably read and write, spoke fluent Arabic and Latin plus Spanish and Portuguese. He was raised in the Muslim faith. In 1513, the Portuguese took control, capturing and selling some of the Africans to Europeans. The youth was sold to a Spanish nobleman named Andrés de Dorantes de Carranza, baptized into the Catholic Church.

Edinburgh, 1900's

The Scottsboro Boys were nine Black teenage boys (the youngest was 13 and the oldest was 19) accused of rape in Alabama in 1931. The landmark set of legal cases from this incident dealt with racism and the right to a fair trial. The case included a frameup, an all-White jury, rushed trials, an attempted lynching, an angry mob, and is an example of an overall miscarriage of justice.

Exécution de Mata Hari

Arts-inquiry allows for "A reconstitution of self, by listening to and witnessing another's experience" (Keifer-Boyd, 2011, p. 9). This horrific image can educate individuals to learn from unwarranted American experience. Review Karen Keifer-Boyd's "Arts-based Research as Social Justice Activism for further insights into Arts-based research.

HEART WRENCHING Lynching of Charlie Hale, an African-American man, on the courthouse square at the corner of Perry and Pike Streets, Lawrenceville, Georgia, April 7, 1911. via reddit

Hanging was always preferred by Nazi for young girls who were viewed as terrorists by the Germans

Hanging was always preferred by Nazi for young girls who were viewed as terrorists by the Germans

History forgotten is history doomed to be repeated.