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Three Negro Congressmen Lynch was a Mississippi congressman during the Reconstruction era. He was born a slave to his white father Patrick Lynch. His mother Catherine White was a slave of mixed European and African heritage. Oscar Stanton De Priest (March 9, 1871 - May 12, 1951) was an American lawmaker and civil rights advocate who served as a U.S. Representative from Illinois from 1929 to

Born into slavery in 1841, Blanche Kelso Bruce became the first African American to serve a full term in the U.S. Senate, as well as the first African American to preside over the Senate.

"Whites Only"

ca. 1935-1936, Jackson, Mississippi, USA — A Woman of The 30s — Image by © Eudora Welty

Stepin Fetchit and wife Dorothy Stevenson (1929).

"I am at once a physician, a citizen and a woman, and I am not willing to stand aside and allow this concept of expendable human lives to turn this great land of ours into just another exclusive reservation where only the perfect, the privileged and the planned have the right to live". - Dr. Mildred Jefferson (1926-2010) The first black woman to graduate from Harvard Medical School

Malcolm Little (aka Malcolm X)

Two unidentified African American Union Army soldiers, full-length portrait, wearing uniforms, c. 1864

Brazil, 1880: slave woman carrying her master's baby in the traditional african way. (Her hair