Louis XIV was born on 5 September 1638 in the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye to Louis XIII and Anne of Austria. He was named Louis Dieudonné (Louis the God-given) and also bore the traditional title of French heirs apparent: Dauphin. At the time of his birth, his parents had been married for 23 years. His mother had experienced four stillbirths between 1619 and 1631. Leading contemporaries thus regarded him as a divine gift, and his birth a miracle of God.
Marguerite de Valois was the first wife of Henri IV of France and Navarre. They had an unhappy marriage, which stemmed from two factors. They had very different personalities; Marguerite was vivacious and loved parties, while Henri was more private. Even worse, they were of different religions; Marguerite was a devout Catholic, while Henri was a Protestant. Henri had her imprisoned for some time during their marriage, but after their divorce in 1598, they became friends.
Louis X (4 October 1289 – 5 June 1316), called the Quarreler, the Headstrong, or the Stubborn (French: le Hutin) was a monarch of the House of Capet who ruled as King of Navarre (as Louis I) and Count of Champagne from 1305 and King of France from 1314 until his death.
Les armes de François Ier, roi de France avec plusieurs de ses emblèmes, la salamandre, la lettre "F" et les lis (f°Av) -- «La monarchie de France», par Claude de Seyssel, évêque de Marseille, XVIe s. [BNF, Ms Fr 5212 - ark:/12148/btv1b525026901]
Louis XIV of France-in 1690.Канцлер- несменяемый высш.сановник с юридич. образов.Был ответственен за хран.больш. печати Фр.Возглавлял Большую канц., кот.изготавл.патенты (lettre de provision), председат.в «Госуд.совете» и был вправе председат.в любом суде высш.инстанции. Должн-ть относ.к высш.корон.чинам во Фр. Госуд.секретари-4(по иностр.делам,по воен.ведомству,по морс.ведомству,по «реформат.религии»).Каждый из 4х секрет. получал в управл.отд.провинцию.Посты были продаваемыми.
Reine de France - Marie-Thérèse d'Autriche, Infante d'Espagne, mariée le 4 juin 1660 à Louis XIV, roi de France
Louis V (c. 967 – 21 May 987), was the King of Western Francia from 986 until his premature death. He was the last monarch in the Carolingian line. He married Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou in 982 in Brioude, where they were immediately crowned King and Queen of Aquitaine. The couple was mismatched—Louis was fifteen years old and Adelaide was forty or more and on her third marriage—and they had no children together. In less than a year the marriage had ended.
Pierre Mignard (1612 – 1695, French)
Madame de la Vallière, maîtresse du roi Louis XIV
Louis XV (1710 to 1774). Dauphin from 1712 to 1715, when he became king. He became Dauphin after his grandfather, father, mother, and older brother, all died from smallpox.