The attire and accoutrements of an Iron Age warrior from continental Germania 3rd - 1st c. AD Iron was 'scarce' in Germania according to Tacitus, and thus the peasant levy fought with cudgels, rocks, spears, and axes. The warrior depicted has a sword and thus would be equivalent to the knightly class that evolved later. By the time of the Frankish kingdoms (5th c. on), the Germanic regions possibly had the greatest iron/steel output in the world at that time.
The Komnenian Byzantine army or Komnenian army was the force established by Byzantine emperor Alexios I Komnenos during the late 11th/early 12th century, and perfected by his successors John II Komnenos and Manuel I Komnenos during the 12th century. Alexios constructed a new army from the ground up, completely replacing previous forms of the Byzantine army. #Alexios I Komnenos #Komnenian army #Byzantine
Emperor Theodoros I Laskaris before he personally slew the Turkish sultan Khalikhosru at the battle of Antioch in Pisidia 1211. This battle, won against the odds by the Empire of Nicaea, made Laksaris' reputation, and ended Seljuk Turk attempts to conquer Western Asia Minor. It also established Nicaea as the primary Byzantine successor state following the deposition of Alexius III after the battle.