Ilse Hirsch was a Nazi resistance fighter who played a key role in the assassination of Franz Oppenhoff in the later days of World War Two. Born in 1922, Hirsch joined the League of German Girls, part of the Hitler Youth movement, when she was 16 years old and became one of the organisation’s leaders. In 1945 she became involved with the Nazi resistance force, dubbed ‘The Werewolves’, whose mission was to work behind enemy lines as the Allies advanced into Germany. Hirsch ...
On 14 June 1940, sergeant François Mitterrand was wounded and taken prisoner by the Germans. After a year and a half he finally managed to escape. He would become President of France, from 1981 to 1995.
"I am at once a physician, a citizen and a woman, and I am not willing to stand aside and allow this concept of expendable human lives to turn this great land of ours into just another exclusive reservation where only the perfect, the privileged and the planned have the right to live". - Dr. Mildred Jefferson (1926-2010) The first black woman to graduate from Harvard Medical School
Jean Moulin (1899-1943) was a leader of the French Resistance during World War II. In June 1943, he was arrested in a suburb of Lyon, interrogated and tortured by Gestapo leader Klaus Barbie in Lyon and Paris. He never revealed anything to his captors and subsequently died near Metz on a train to Germany. Many historians believe that Klaus Barbie personally beat Moulin to death.
Henry Johnson and Needham Roberts were the 1st Americans to be awarded the French Croix de Guerre, France's highest military award for their World War I Heroism. Johnson Roberts were manning a 2 man outpost when German patrol, estimated at more than 20 men, attacked with grenades. Wounded, both Americans emptied their weapons and Roberts, who was wounded in his hip or knee and unable to stand, tossed grenades to Johnson who hurled them at the enemy patrol to keep the attackers away.
Georges Sand ~ Real name: Amantine Aurore Lucile Dupin, was born on July 1 1804, and was a respected female French writer with a penchant for wearing mens' clothes - which, in 19th Century Paris, caused quite the scandal. Her works included novels, plays and both literary and political comment pieces.