Giuseppe Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo was an Italian Army officer ( colonel) . After the 8 Sept. 1943 armistice he become the leader of the "Fronte Militare Clandestino" an antifascist organization who provided intellegence both to the Allied forces and the Resistance Organizations, the Communist ones included, although he was a fervent monarchic. Captured, he was brutally tortured for 58 days.
Des hommes déblayent les rues de la commune pour rétablir les axes de communications. En arrière-plan deux soldats américains, l'un porte ce qui pourrait être un piquet de signalisation et l'autre un détecteur de mine US SCR 625 (voir p013011)
Axis leaders - Gian Galeazzo Ciano, 2nd Count of Cortellazzo and Buccari (18 March 1903 – 11 January 1944) was Foreign Minister of Fascist Italy from 1936 until 1943 and Benito Mussolini's son-in-law. On January 11, 1944 Count Ciano was shot by firing squad at the behest of his father-in-law, Mussolini, under pressure from Nazi Germany.
Les parachutistes du colonel Bigeard interrogent, le 14 mars 1957, Omar Merouane, soupçonné d’avoir commis de nombreux attentats. Le général Bigeard avait qualifiée en juillet 2000 la torture de “mal nécessaire”. AFP.
Dr. Adelaide "Heidi" Hautval of Strasbourg, France was arrested by the Nazis. Sent to Auschwitz, she witnessed the medical experiments and refused to participate. Transported to Ravensbruck, she again refused to participate in experiments. When the doctor said that Jews were different, she said, “In this camp, many people are different from me. You, for example.” She saved many lives by hiding the condemned as patients and stayed at the camp with Mme Vaillant-Couturier post war to care for…