PUFFIN FACT #4. Puffin pairs lay one egg per season and take turns incubating it. After 6 weeks the chick (referred to as a puffling) hatches and then it's another 6 weeks before the puffling fledges.
PUFFIN FACT #2. Puffins mate for life. The courtship rituals begin as the puffins reach 3 - 4 years of age. These two are just getting acquainted.
PUFFIN FACT #5. Puffin duels such as this occur between males either defending territory or fighting for a female. These can be quite fierce and often beaks are chipped or cracked in a fight.
PUFFIN FACT #10. Puffins have very dense plumage and thus are well insulated when diving in cold water. They preen almost continuously when on land to keep their feathers in top shape.
PUFFIN FACT #9. Parents share in the incubation duties and then the feeding duties equally. A puffling must eat every 4 hours and so it requires the two birds to keep the hungry chick fed. As predators in the form of Gulls and Skuas would happily dine on a puffling, they keep well out of sight deep the burrow. Pufflings only venture forth when fledging in the dark of night.
PUFFIN FACT #3. Puffins can dive to depths of 60-70 meters in search of fish. Sandeels are the preferred catch. Puffins are in fact quite a fishing machine and hold on average 10 little fish in their beaks. The record of 62 tiddlers is held by a Norwegian puffin!
PUFFIN FACT #10. Puffins fly as well as swim and dive under water. Due to their short stubby bodies it takes 400 wing beats per minute for them to stay in the air. They cannot glide and so must flap continuously.
PUFFIN FACT #8. Puffins mate for life but only spend the 3 - 4 month on land with their mate. Each winter they spend at sea with the group or alone and only meet up with their mate in the spring back at their burrow.