Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi (847-781 AD) The foundations of algebra and Allogrtmat excelled in astronomy and geography and is considered one of the first Muslim mathematicians Which contributed to its significant role in the advancement of mathematics Shows genius in the table astronomer who made West learn from writing and arithmetic numbers and spread Arabic numerals preceded by nine zero all over Europe has been linked to the term algorithms (Allogaretmat)
Al-Kindi (c. 801–873 CE), known as "the Philosopher of the Arabs", was a Muslim Arab philosopher, mathematician, physician, and musician. Al-Kindi was the first of the Muslim peripatetic philosophers, and is unanimously hailed as the "father of Islamic or Arabic philosophy" for his synthesis, adaptation and promotion of Greek and Hellenistic philosophy in the Muslim world.
Ibn Khaldoun, Amazigh Tunisian historiographer & historian who is often viewed as one of the forerunners of modern historiography, sociology & economics. He is best known for his Muqaddimah (known as Prolegomenon in English), which was discovered, evaluated & fully appreciated first by 19th century European scholarship. Western scholars recognized him as one of the greatest philosophers to come out of the Muslim world.
Al-Biruni was among those who laid the foundation for modern Trigonometry. He was a philosopher, geographer, astronomer, physicist and mathematician. Six hundred years before Galgeo, Al-Biruni discussed the theory of the earth rotating about its own axis. Al-Biruni carried out geodisic measurements and determined the earth's circumference in a most ingenious way.
Uqba ibn Nafi was an Arab general who was serving the Umayyad dynasty, in Muawiyah and Yazid periods, who began the Islamic conquest of the Maghreb, including present-day Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Morocco in North Africa. He was the nephew of 'Amr ibn al-'As. Uqba is often surnamed al-Fihri in reference to the Banu Fihri, a clan connected to the Quraysh. His descendants would be known as the 'Oqbids' or 'Fihrids'. Uqba is the founder of the cultural city of Kairouan in Tunisia.
Abu al-Qasim Khalaf ibn al-Abbas Al-Zahrawi (936–1013), also known in the West as Albucasis, was an Arab Muslim physician who lived in Al-Andalus. He is considered the greatest medieval surgeon to have appeared from the Islamic World, and has been described by many as the father of modern surgery.
Manuscript-Astronomy Manuscript, Abd al-Raḥmān ibn ʿUmar al-Ṣūfī . Kitāb ṣuwar al-kawākib al-ṯābita,1430-1440
bu Rayhan Biruni observing the stars بوریحان بیرونی
La première photo sous-marine
World's first underwater photograph
Al-Khwarizmi: The Inventor of Algebra (Great Muslim Philosophers and Scientists of the Middle Ages) by Corona Brezina http://www.amazon.com/dp/1404205136/ref=cm_sw_r_pi_dp_x9zYub112SKZH