Genre painting: Hatmakers. The genre painting shows the making of traditional Korean hats (gat). This forma of headdress was made of horsehair and worn by men who attained their adulthood. Kisan or Kisan Studio, ink and colours on paper, height 25.4 cm, width 20.3 cm, Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910), late 19th/early 20th century, Ethnological Museum, National Museums in Berlin, Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation, Inv. No. ID 44058 (photo: Archive Ethnological Museum)
Kim Ok-gyun was a reformist activist during the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. He served under the national civil service under King Gojong, and actively participated to advance Western ideas and sciences in Korea. The goal of the reform movement was to develop Korea in government, technology, and military by using Japanese resources, so that Korea would become stable enough in time to withstand increasing Japanese Imperialism. Kim was assassinated in Shanghai.