"The Skeletons of Shanidar Cave: A rare cache of hominid fossils from the Kurdistan area of northern Iraq offers a window on Neanderthal culture." -- "...in the 1950s, Smithsonian anthropologist Ralph Solecki, a team from Columbia Univ. & Kurdish workers unearthed the fossilized bones of 8 adult and 2 infant [Neanderthals]—spanning burials from 65K to 35K years ago—at a site known as the Shanidar cave... The discovery changed our understanding of Neanderthals."
from left to right: Australopithecus, Early Homo erectus (Java Man), Late Homo erectus (Peking Man), Homo heidelbergensis (Rhodesian Man), Homo neanderthalensis (Neanderthals) and Early Homo sapiens (Cro-Magnons)