The oldest city in Russia Staraya Ladoga lives today with the status of the city. In Staraya Ladoga even preserved tombstones date 921 years. Staraya Ladoga arose on the site of the most complex threshold, which was an important part of the Varangian trade routes in Volkhov, at the junction of Lakes Ladoga and Il'men. It happened in the 8th century. Exact date of establishment historians did not know, but according to archaeological studies, it happened not later than 753 years.
Staraya Ladoga on the Volkhov River, 15 kilometers from Lake Ladoga, perhaps, is the oldest city in Russia and could serve as a "trading gate" on the road from the Varangians to the Greeks. It was first mentioned in chronicles in connection with Russia calling on the Varangian Rurik and his brothers.
Peter and Paul fortress is probably the most important place in St Petersburg as it was the core of the new Russian capital. A mighty fortress built to protect the territory from Sweden and get access to the Baltic sea, a birthplace of the new city of Peter the Great and a fearsome Russian Bastille – these are the features of one of the main sights in St Petersburg.