Indo-Persian turban helmet, late 15th century, Persian, Caucasian, or Anatolian, St Irene (Ottoman) arsenal mark, steel, silver, copper alloy, H. including mail 22 in. (55.9 cm); H. excluding mail 13 5/8 in. (34.6 cm); Wt. excluding mail 3 lb. 9 oz. (1616 g), Met Museum. Retains the alternating solid and round riveted mail aventail that protected the lower half of the face and neck.
This royal armor, possibly the last made in Europe, is believed to have been presented to the five-year-old Infante Luis (1701–1724), prince of Asturias, by his great-grandfather Louis XIV of France (1638–1715, r. from 1643). Luis was the first Spanish-born Bourbon heir to the throne of Spain and ruled briefly as Luis I in 1724.
Armor of the Ottoman Empire. A complete suit of 16th century armor as worn by fully armored cavalryman (sipahi) including Chichak (helmet), krug (chest armor), zirah (mail shirt), kolluk/bazu band (vambrace/arm guards), dizcek (cuisse or knee and thigh armor), and kolçak (greaves or shin armor). Stibbert Museum, Florence Italy.