Germaine Émilie Krebs (1903-1993), known as Alix Barton and later as "Madame Grès" relaunched her design house under the name Grès in Paris in 1942. Prior to this, she worked as "Alix" or "Alix Grès" during the 1930s. She produced haute couture designs for the Duchess of Windsor, Marlene Dietrich, Greta Garbo, and Jacqueline Kennedy. Her signature was cut-outs on gowns that exposed skin. She was renowned for being the last of the haute couture houses to establish a ready-to-wear line.