The Olmec fashioned votive axes in the form of figures carved from jade, jadeite, serpentine and other greenstones. The figures have a large head and a small, stocky body that narrows into a blade shape. They combine features of a human and other animals, such as jaguar, eagle or toad. The mouth is slightly opened, with a flaring upper lip and the corners turned down.
Olmec were the first major civilization in Mexico. 500 BCE to about 400 BCE.
Ceremonial Handle (?), 9th–13th century Mexico; Maya-Toltec (?) Jade (jadeite/omphacite)
Olmèques - Tête colossale no 1 de San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan.
Eagle Transformation Figure [Mexico; Olmec] (1994.380) | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art