The launch of a Vergeltungswaffe-2 ("Vengeance Weapon-2", the V-2 rocket) toward England in 1945. The V-2 was the world's first long-range ballistic missile. The liquid-propellant rocket was developed and designed during World War II in Germany to attack Allied cities as a form of retaliation for the ever-increasing Allied bombing effort against German cities.
Nazi captured in US-Arthur Rudolph German scientist & former Nazi party member who helped develop & build the V-2 rocket. After the war, he moved to the U.S. where he became one of the most respected and accomplished scientists at NASA. His projects included the Saturn V Moon rocket. He was accused by the Department of Justice’s OSI of “working thousands of slave laborers to death” to produce V-2 rockets for use in World War II.
The German Aggregat-4 rocket is better known by the name V-2, short for Vergeltungswaffe (Retaliation Weapon) 2. Deployed in the last year of World War II, it was the world's first long-range ballistic missile and the first human-made object to travel into space. Photo Colourised by Pearse