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Portrait of Zitkala-Sa by Gertrude Kasebier, about 1898. Zitkala-Sa was the pen name of writer and activist Gertrude Simmons Bonnin (1876-1938).  She exposed the hardships faced by students at Native American boarding schools by writing about her own experiences as a student and as a teacher.  Zitkala-Sa also published a book of tribal folklore called Old Indian Legends. She also founded the National Council of American Indians, which was trans-tribal, to lobby for better treatment.

Zitkala-Sa was a Yankton Sioux woman- she wrote the first American Indian opera, The Sun Opera, in 1913. #History #Native #American #Indians

pbsthisdayinhistory: FEB. 3, 1863: SAMUEL CLEMENS USES MARK TWAIN PSEUDONYM On this day in 1863, writer and humorist Samuel Langhorne Clemens used the pen name “Mark Twain” for the first time.

Chickasaw storyteller and actress Te Ata (Mary Frances Fisher). Te Ata (1895-1995) created one woman shows that highlighted Native American folklore through dance, music, and storytelling. A member of the Chickasaw tribe, Te Ata traveled widely and incorporated traditions from other Native American cultures into her performances. Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt were among her admirers and Te Ata was invited to perform at both the White House and Hyde Park.

Jim Thorpe. Notice the different socks? Somebody stole his shoes before his race. All he could find were two shoes of different sizes discarded in the trash can. One was too big so he wore extra socks. He ran his race like this, and got an Olympic gold medal, and set a world record. He was treated this way because he was a Native American

Amantine Lucile Aurore Dupin, best known by her pseudonym George Sand, was a remarkable woman - a prodigious novelist, dramatist and campaigner for all manner of political reform. A rebellious, cross-dressing, cigar-smoking, scandalously-acting woman writer who lived at a time that was certainly much more of a man's world than today. Chopin was only one of many famous men in her life. After the relationship fell apart, in 1847, he scarcely composed again, before his death two years later.

Wangari Maathai - Nobel Peace prize winner and Kenyan environmental & political activist