The largest scale effort is the Human Connectome Project, involving a consortium of institutions here and abroad
connectome | Human MR
Mapping the Highways of the Brain: Deanna Barch and her colleagues are trying to map connections in the human brain.The Human Connectome Project, which aims to produce an interactive brain map. http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/07/science/the-brain-in-exquisite-detail.html?smid=tw-share
Rainbow Mountains, China (jprobably some color enhancement plus a perfect lighting situation - link to HuffPost gives variety of pics)
Looking like a stained glass window, this is the remains of the seed pod of one of last summer's garden flowers, Lunaria annua (commonly known as honesty, because the dry seed pods resemble silver coins), magnified around two hundred times and viewed using polarised light.
READY FOR A CRAZY FACT?!!? This sea slug (Elysia chlorotics) can eat kelp and other plants and filter out the chloroplasts to their own cells! The chloroplasts then actively turn sunlight into energy for up to a YEAR!!! PHOTOSYNTHESIZING ANIMALS!!!! Alright, that's all lololol no one cares :P
Inspiration of close ups of organic things that look abstracted- Close-up.Mushroom fins
Small Wonders: Science Meets Art under the Lens [Slide Show]: Scientific American Slideshows ALOIN CELLS: Botanist Anatoly I. Mikhaltsov of the Children's Ecological and Biological Center in Omsk, Russia, was studying the anatomy of Aloe erinacea , an endangered species of aloe endemic to Namibia, when he captured this image of the plant's aloin cells ( blue )—which secrete a component of the gel-like sap that oozes from an aloe's severed leaf—using a coloring method that he developed...
Plant photos by Biologist Fernan Federici. August 3, 2013