Fernand Léger (France, Argentan, 1881 - 1955) The Disks, 1918-1919 Painting, Oil on canvas, David E. Bright Bequest (M.67.25.2) Léger idealized the relationship between man and machine. The anonymous figures in The Disks stand for mechanical workers, engineers, and designers thriving in a modern world of machines. Léger gave these workers the name Homo faber, or Man the Maker. He saw mankind’s dramatic struggle to master machinery as an affirmation of the human will.
Albert Gleizes, was a French artist, theoretician, philosopher, a founder of Cubism and an influence on the School of Paris. Albert Gleizes and Jean Metzinger wrote the first major treatise on Cubism, Du "Cubisme", 1912.