Bruce A. Beutler--------The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2011 was divided, one half jointly to Bruce A. Beutler and Jules A. Hoffmann "for their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity" and the other half to Ralph M. Steinman "for his discovery of the dendritic cell and its role in adaptive immunity".
In late September of 2011 when Steinman entered the hospital, he wanted to live to see if he had won the Nobel. Earlier he had won many scientific awards for his life long work as a cell biologist at the famed medical research center at Rockfeller University in New York City.
2011 - Ralph M. Steinman - United States and Canada - "for his discovery of the dendritic cell and its role in adaptive immunity". He was a Canadian immunologist and cell biologist working at Rockefeller University, Posthumous awards are not allowed. However, unknown to the committee, Steinman had died three days before the announcement. The committee decided that since the prize was awarded "in good faith," it would be allowed to stand. Source Nobelprize.org.
Late Nobel medicine laureate Ralph Steinman keeps award
Dr Ralph Steinman, Rockefeller University, was awarded for his discovery of the dendritic cell. Dr. Steinman’s research focuses on the mechanisms employed by dendritic cells to regulate lymphocyte function in tolerance and immunity, as well as the use of dendritic cells to understand the development of immune-based diseases and the design of new therapies and vaccines. www.rockefeller.e......