Louis XIV (5 September 1638 – 1 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (le Roi-Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1643 until his death. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest of monarchs of major countries in European history.
Louis XIV (1638-1715; reigned 1643-1715) “The Grand Monarch” detested the mobs of Paris and Paris itself. He moved his capital to Versailles in the 1680s. He sponsored economic reconstruction, but his wars across Europe eventually brought France to near ruin. He did little to quell the unrest that was building among the people. Louis married a Spanish princess, Marie Thérèse, in 1660. Known as the “Sun King” because he was the center of the social and political life of the French state.
Marie Mancini; by Jacob Ferdinand Voet. King Louis XIV had a huge crush on Marie and even wanted to marry her. Her family did not want the match and sent her away to marry the Italian prince, Lorenzo Onofrio Colonna, who remarked after their wedding night that he was surprised to find her still a virgin. The bridegroom had not expected to find, "innocence among the loves of kings."