At the northern tip of Ellesmere Island, just 817 kilometres from the North Pole, you'll find the northernmost permanently inhabited place in the world: Alert, Nunavut.The warmest month, July, has a balmy average temperature of 3.4 C (38.1 F).
The rocky and nearly treeless Falkland Islands lie 300 miles (480 kilometers) northeast of the southern tip of South America. The islands are an overseas territory of the United Kingdom. Argentina also claims the islands. It calls them the Malvinas Islands. The capital of the Falklands is Stanley