25/07/1934 : Assassinat du chancelier autrichien Engelbert Dollfuss par des nazis autrichiens
Engelbert Dollfuss, Chancellor of Austria, 1932–1934.
In May of 1934, Doffluss declared martial law to protect Austria from Hitler, so Hitler had Dollfuss assassinated in a Nazi coup attempt. His successor, Kurt Schuschnigg, struggled hard to keep Austria independent, but to no avail. On March 12, 1938, German troops marched into Austria. The country ceased to exist as an independent state as it was incorporated into Hitler's German Reich.
Austrofascism (German: Austrofaschismus) is a term which is frequently used by historians to describe the authoritarian rule installed in Austria with the May Constitution of 1934, which ceased with the annexing of the newly founded Federal State of Austria into Nazi Germany in 1938. It was based on a ruling party, the Fatherland Front (Vaterländische Front) and the Heimwehr (Home Guard) paramilitary militia. Leaders were Engelbert Dollfuss and, after Dollfuss' assassination, Kurt…
Engelbert Dollfuss - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Body of Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss Lying in State- Dollfuss was himself an authoritarian fascist who originally studied in a seminary before deciding to study law and economics. He was also a staunch nationalist who believed in Austria remaining independent rather than allowing his nation to be incorporated into Germany.
Engelbert Dollfuß (* 4. Oktober 1892 in Texing, Niederösterreich; † 25. Juli 1934 in Wien) war ein österreichischer Politiker. Er fungierte von 1931 bis 1933 als Landwirtschaftsminister und von 1932 bis 1934 als Bundeskanzler, ab 5. März 1933 diktatorisch regierend. Dollfuß war Begründer des austrofaschistischen Ständestaats.