25/07/1934 : Assassinat du chancelier autrichien Engelbert Dollfuss par des nazis autrichiens
Ingres Mme Armand Bertin née Cécile Dollfuss.jpg
Collection | The Metropolitan Museum of Art Madame Armand Bertin, née Marie-Anne-Cécile Dollfuss Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (French, Montauban 1780–1867 Paris) Date: 1843 Medium: Graphite on wove paper
Engelbert Dollfuss was an Austrian Christian Social and Patriotic Front statesman. In early 1933, he shut down parliament, banned the Austrian Nazi party and assumed dictatorial powers. Suppressing the Socialist movement in February 1934, he cemented the rule of “austrofascism”. Dollfuss was assassinated as part of a failed coup attempt by Nazi agents in 1934. His successor Kurt Schuschnigg maintained his regime until Adolf Hitler's annexing of Austria in 1938.
In May of 1934, Doffluss declared martial law to protect Austria from Hitler, so Hitler had Dollfuss assassinated in a Nazi coup attempt. His successor, Kurt Schuschnigg, struggled hard to keep Austria independent, but to no avail. On March 12, 1938, German troops marched into Austria. The country ceased to exist as an independent state as it was incorporated into Hitler's German Reich.
Engelbert Dollfuss - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Austrofascism (German: Austrofaschismus) is a term which is frequently used by historians to describe the authoritarian rule installed in Austria with the May Constitution of 1934, which ceased with the annexing of the newly founded Federal State of Austria into Nazi Germany in 1938. It was based on a ruling party, the Fatherland Front (Vaterländische Front) and the Heimwehr (Home Guard) paramilitary militia. Leaders were Engelbert Dollfuss and, after Dollfuss' assassination, Kurt…
Body of Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss Lying in State- Dollfuss was himself an authoritarian fascist who originally studied in a seminary before deciding to study law and economics. He was also a staunch nationalist who believed in Austria remaining independent rather than allowing his nation to be incorporated into Germany.