Wild Bill Hickok is probably the most famous Deadwood resident, even though he was only in town a few short weeks. James Butler Hickok arrived in Deadwood, along with Colorado Charlie Utter and Calamity Jane, in July of 1876. He was a well-known gambler and gunslinger, participating in many shootouts before coming to Deadwood. He was killed on August 2, 1876 when Jack McCall shot him from behind while playing poker.
August 2, 1876. Frontiersman "Wild" Bill Hickok is shot from behind and killed while playing poker at a saloon in Deadwood, South Dakota. At the time the cards he was holding were a pair of black aces and a pair of black eights -- since known as the dead man's hand