Lycurgus. The 'father of Sparta'. He was the legendary lawgiver of Sparta, who established the military-oriented reformation of Spartan society. All his reforms were directed towards the three Spartan virtues: equality, military fitness, and austerity. It is not clear if this Lycurgus was an actual historical figure; however, many ancient historians believed he was responsible for the communalistic and militaristic reforms that transformed Spartan society, most notably the Great Rhetra.
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Themistocles (524 BC - 459 BC), The Victor of Salamis Themistocles (Greek: Θεμιστοκλῆς; "Glory of the Law"); was an Athenian politician and a general. He was one of a new breed of politicians who rose to prominence in the early years of the Athenian democracy, along with his great rival Aristides. As a politician, Themistocles was a populist, having the support of lower class Athenians, and generally being at odds with the Athenian nobility.
Aspasia was the partner of Pericles. It is thought that she was born in the Ionian colony of Miletus c.470 B.C. & moved to Athens where she became a hetaera. She then moved in with Pericles and bore him a son. According to Plutarch, Pericles loved her so much that he kissed her every morning & evening until the day he died. Because Aspasia was a foreigner, Athenian law prevented them from marrying. She was described as a skilled orator and engrossing conversationalist in her own right.
Statue of a Spartan warrior, from the Isle of Samos, 520BCE. It is easy to imagine that this statue possibly represents either Archias or Lycopas, two Spartans who died valiantly when the Spartans sent aid to Samos in order to oust the pro-Persian tyrant, Polykrates. For their brave actions, they were buried within the city walls of Samos, and given full honors by the Samians.
Sophocles is one of three ancient Greek tragedians whose plays have survived. His first plays were written later than those of Aeschylus, and earlier than or contemporary with those of Euripides. According to the Suda, a 10th-century encyclopedia, Sophocles wrote 123 plays during the course of his life, but only seven have survived in a complete form: Ajax, Antigone, The Women of Trachis, Oedipus the King, Electra, Philoctetes and Oedipus at Colonus.
Herodotus (/hᵻˈrɒdətəs/; Ancient Greek: Ἡρόδοτος Hēródotos, pronounced [hɛː.ró.do.tos]) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus, Caria (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (c. 484–c. 425 BC)