1995- A winter with temperatures plunging to 35 degrees below zero in North Korea is followed by a summer of torrential rains, exacerbating an already noticeable food shortage. Children begin to waste. As mothers add corn cobs, grass, husks, leaves, stems, & weeds to stretch soups, children develop screamingly painful constipation. Since there is no other food, doctors advise mothers to grind bark & grass very fine to make it more digestible.
North Korea Puts Its War Machine on Display - In Focus - The Atlantic
1990- Fed up with North Korea's $10 billion in unpaid loans, & no longer interested in the international proletariat, Russia grants diplomatic relations to North Korea's rival South Korea. China will follow suit 2 years later. Without cheap oil from its former allies, North Korea's factories shut down & it has nothing to export. Electricity is shut off to save power, closing down coal mines, which worsens the power shortage.
1995- After repeatedly preventing humanitarian organizations from entering his nation, Kim Jong-il makes an official request for food assistance. The government has attempted a "Let's Eat Two Meals a Day" program, but even black markets have run out of food & people have stopped going to work in order to scavenge forests for bark & grass to boil. Eighteen years later, it will still be rare to see wild animals in the countryside.
1994-1998- Somewhere between 600,000 & 3.5 million North Koreans starve to death- the most reliable estimates are around 1.2 million, or 5% of the population. Descent begins with the collapse of the Soviet Union coupled with China's economic liberalization, both of which kick out the crutches of North Korea's anemic financial system. These are compounded by massive floods, which obliterate North Korean agriculture.
1993- Haiti joins an American free trade agreement, cutting the cost of rice, the staple food, by a dollar a pound since it's now often imported from foreign, factory-style agricultural corporations rather than purchased from local farmers.
Burial hands.The body of a one-year-old boy who died of dehydration is prepared for burial at Jalozai refugee camp.The child's family,originally from North Afghanistan,had sought refuge in Pakistan from political instability and the consequences of drought.The family gave the photographer permission to attend as they washed and wrapped his body in a white funeral shroud, according to Muslim tradition. In the overcrowded Jalozai camp of 80,000 refugees from Afghanistan endured squalid…
THE AMERICANS: STREET PHOTOGRAPHY PROJECT, Shoemaker Inside the Glass Window in Harvard Square by Bimal Nepal